Contribution of Chaucer in English Literature
Contribution of Chaucer in English Literature: It is known to all that Geoffrey Chaucer was considered to be the father of English poetry. Chaucer was born in the year 1340 in London. With the emergence of Chaucer, a sea change occurred to the world of English literature. Chaucer died in 1400 and he was the first poet who was buried in Westminster Abbey. Chaucer was responsible not only for linguistic development, he succeeds to perform the social obligations of literature as well.
Contribution of Geoffrey Chaucer in English Literature
The poetic career of Chaucer may be divided into three periods. They are the French period, the Italian period and the English period. As an immature litterateur, Chaucer began his career through French compositions. His French works include The Romaunt of the rose, The Book of the Duchesse, The Compleynt unto Pite. Among these works, the celebration of the spring becomes unique through the lines of The Romaunt of the Rose. In the. Italian period, Chaucer seems to be much more matured. His Italian works include The parlement of Foules, Troilus and Criseyda, The Hous of Fame. Among these works, Troilus and Criseyde deals with the themes of love and romance. The House of Fame deals with a series of legends of good women.
The final stage of Chaucer’s literary career is known as the English period. In this period, Chaucer’s craftsmanship as a poet reaches to the level of maturity. In the meantime, it becomes categorical that Boccaccio has strong influence upon Chaucer. Reaching to the English period, Chaucer engages himself to the portrayal of his contemporary society. All this juncture, the readers may cite Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. His other works are Tale of Melibeus, The person’s tale and so on. Chaucer is also responsible for the composition of a series of short poems and few prose works.
Chaucer’s craftsmanship as a poet has best been explored in the pages of Prologue to the Canterbury tales. In the opening is lines, the poet deals with the romantic beauty of the spring. The nature is in festive mood. The birds and the beasts are so joyous that they can’t sleep at night. In this great work, society lies at the centre. The poet presents character clusters. The three major classes are the military class, the church functionaries and the forming class. The prologue deals with thirty characters who are seemingly the pilgrims. The impressive characters are the Knight, the yeoman, the Merchant, the Prioress, the Monk, the clerk of Oxenford and so on. Employing bitter and mild satire, Chaucer succeeds to show what was wrong in that society. It is a pity that Chaucer maintains absolute silence regarding the upper class that includes the king and landed gentry and the lower class which was consisted of the serfs. Through the composition of Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. Chaucer succeeds to put forward Mathew Arnold’s observation, “At bottom, poetry should be the criticism of life.
Contribution of Geoffrey Chaucer
Contribution of Chaucer in english literature: To conclude everybody is aware of the fact that among several dialects, Chaucer chooses East London dialect and transforms it into standard English language. Chaucer seems innovative in the employment of two types of satire. They are punished satire and vulgar satire. Chaucer also shows his expertise in the application of appropriate rhetoric and prosody. He has the fascination to write in iambic pentameter. Like his contemporary Langland, Chaucer was not at all a moralist. Langland always confined himself to the projection of Haven and Hell. Chaucer was anxious to deal with man and manners. In a word, despite some limitations, Chaucer was the most important poet of the medieval period in the history of English literature.